Based on the results of research Program for International Student Assessment, the students' interest in reading our low. If compared with countries in East Asia, Indonesian students, including the lowest. From 42 countries surveyed, Indonesia was ranked the students to-39, slightly above Albania and Peru. The ability of our students are still below the student who was ranked Thailand to-32. Similarly, the control of reading material, our students are able to absorb only 30% of reading material in the texts reading. Why is this fact happened?
Low interest students read, for that do not directly blame the students. Low interest in reading is not a student. The issues that must be observed by the educators and educational institutions and other stakeholders are trying to create a situation that can push up interest in reading it.
First, stakeholders must have a policy focus on the availability of library facilities in educational institutions. As has been known that with one of the reform is give education to the local government, the must be procurement of school facilities is the responsibility of local governments, including the library facilities and infrastructure. If the central government gives Special Allocation Fund for the provision of education facilities, including books, tools, and multi-media and the utilization of the funds should be held in accordance with the provisions. Each school is given the authority to select and directly buy books that students are required, it is very naive if determined by the manager of policy, or even mismatch. The central government also give School Operational Assistance (BOS) for the purchase of books. Based on the provisions, of this book BOS each school must provide a minimum of 10 textbooks standardized for each grade level and every subject. So, what the policies of local governments as holder of the autonomous areas of education in terms of books in school?
Second, prioritize education management library facilities in accordance with the standards of facilities and infrastructure that are set by the government. Ideally, all schools are held by the government (district / city) meet the standards of facilities, including the school library. Therefore, the education office district / city as the local government education programs priority the fulfillment of it. Similarly, if the school held by the public, permission from the government should require that the library facilities in accordance with the standard.
Third, the library management to improve library services are prime. In general, implementing a library in the schools that already have a special room for only a library service at the school. Finally, the time of the students to read only on the day of rest (about 15 minutes) and come home after hours (average about 30 minutes). Students the opportunity to read in the library is very narrow. Ideally, the school library is to serve students outside of school hours, for example, up to at 17.00 WIB, if he has to serve the students' awareness and increase interest in reading them. It seems that the head of each school should promote the readiness of implementing the school library to serve students as a form of customer satisfaction in the quality of integrated management that they hold.
Fourth, teachers due to give explanations about the benefits of reading to students. Educators must encourage students to dig knowledge not only of the book the package, especially from the LKS clearly not justified by Low of Education Ministry No. 02/2008 used in schools. Teachers should not be bored to continue to motivate students to read before you can dig science, increase the knowledge and insight enrichment students. Based on the results of research, the students do activities in reading, 83% get a job because of the teachers. Only 11% of students read as self-awareness in the increase of knowledge. Therefore, if a teacher is less motivation students to explore additional knowledge from books, the students will not do the activities.
So, it seems mistaken if students read the low-interest, then students who is wrong. This situation requires a collective awareness of all stakeholders in education, including of course the local governments that have been given autonomy to manage education. Implementation of the decentralization of education must change the paradigm of local governments to education. The policy stakeholders (legislative and executive) must be sure that the means of education is a long-term investment in human resources to develop a reliable and able to compete with the other nations.